In general, Germany has two types of universities; state funded and non-state funded universities. State funded universities are the public universities that funded by or associated with the government university system. Non-state funded universities are; private universities and church maintained universities.
Germany has almost 394 higher education institutes that include; universities, universities of applied sciences (FH) and colleges of art and music. In 394 higher education institutes; 121 are the universities, 216 are the universities of applied sciences (FH), 57 are the colleges of art and music. If we split them according to funding. Then 394 are the state funded (public) universities, 115 are state recognized private universities and 39 are the church maintained universities.
These 394 German universities are offering around 19,839 degrees or courses. These 19,000 degrees includes; Diplom (Uni), Diplom (FH), Magister, Staatsexamen, Bachelor and master Master degrees and courses. These universities are offering 8,896 bachelor degree programs and 9,330 master degree programs.
Types of universities in Germany:
As mentioned above, Germany has three types of universities. You can choose type of university according to profession.
- Technical universities (Technische Universität, TU)
- Universities of applied sciences (Fachhochschule, FH)
- Colleges of art and music
Technical universities (TU)
Technical universities are more research oriented and give specific field related theoretical knowledge. At technical university, students can study bachelor, master and doctoral degrees. Some degrees of TU includes mandatory internships for practical knowledge and some not. In German, technical universities called Technische Universität or TU.
Universities of applied sciences (FH)
Universities of applied sciences have their focal point on industry related studies or toward practical knowledge. These universities mostly offer practice oriented courses and degrees. These degrees has two parts; theoretical and practical. Practical part includes one or more semesters training in a company. It depends on degree to degree. In German, universities of applied sciences are called Fachhochschule, Hochschulen für angewandte Wissenschaften or FH.
How many students are studying in German universities?
In total, 2.9 million students are studying in different types of universities. In technical universities around 1.7 million, in universities of applied sciences around 1.05 million and in colleges of art and music around 36,483 students are studying.
If we talk about number of foreign students studying in German universities. Then around 397,300 foreign students are studying in different types of German universities. These foreign students belongs to different countries like; China, India, Austria, Russia, Italy, Syria, Turkey, Iran, Cameroon, France, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Spain, America, South Korea, Tunisia, Morocco, Poland, Indonesia and Pakistan.
Reference for statistics:
Hochschulrektorenkonferenz: Higher Education Institutions in Figures 2019. (2019). HRK. Retrieved 24 November, 2019, from https://www.hrk.de/fileadmin/redaktion/hrk/02-Dokumente/02-06-Hochschulsystem/Statistik/Engl._Faltblatt_2019.pdf