The German grading system is different as compared to the Pakistani grading system. According to the German grading system, 1 considered an excellent standard, and 5 considered insufficient or fail. Instead, in Pakistani universities, 4 regarded as very good, and 1.75 deemed to be failed. Different Pakistani universities have different minimum passing grades, but here I used 1.75, which was a minimum passing grade in my university.

If you already completed your secondary school certificate (SSC), Higher secondary school certificate (HSSC), bachelor or master’s degree in Pakistan and want to convert your grades equivalent to German grades, then use this modified Bavarian formula:

You have to follow these steps to convert your local grade into German grade:

  • First of all, subtract your achieved grade from the maximum possible grade of your university.
  • Then divide it with the subtracted result of the maximum possible grade and the lowest passing grade of your university.
  • After that, multiply the result by three and add 1. The final result will be your German grade.


Maximum grade in your university: 4.00 (GPA)
Your final grade: 3.02 (CGPA)
Minimum passing grade: 1.75
Apply modified Bavarian formula: (4.00 – 3.02) / (4.00 – 1.75) x 3 + 1 = 2.3067 (your German grade)

There are several grading formulas used in the German education system on different levels, but German universities use the above-mentioned modified bavarian formula to convert foreign grades into German grades. After the grade conversion, interpretation of your final German grade will be like this:

PercentageGerman GradeDescription
90 – 100%1.0 – 1.3“sehr gut” (very good)
80 – 90%1.7 – 2.0 – 2.3“gut” (good)
65 – 80%2.7 – 3.0 – 3.3“befriedigend” (satisfactory)
50 – 65%3.7 – 4.0“ausreichend” (sufficient)
0 – 50%5.0“mangelhaft”, “ungenügend”, “nicht bestanden” (insufficient / failed)

A kind of advice for all the Pakistani students: Don’t convert your grades to the German grading system until a German university demands it. If they need it, then they will convert it on their own. Apply always for admission with the grading scale used by your previous university.

See this link for the online conversion of your grades into German grades. If you want to add some additional information to this article, then write below.

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1 Comment

Abdul Moiz June 20, 2023 at 9:05 pm

Please tell me how to convert my German grade into a Pakistani grade. I am an exchange student in Germany for one semester. I want to convert my German grade into a Pakistani grade to exempt my courses from the Pakistani university.

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