ECTS credits or the European Credit Transfer System is an academic credit system used to calculate workload that spent on a specific subject or entire study program. ECTS makes the educational performance of a student more transparent and equivalent to the education system of other countries.
Why is ECTS needed?
ECTS required if a student study one degree in one country and wants to pursue second in another country. For example, if George completed his bachelor’s in Germany and want to pursue a master’s in Sweden. Then he needs to calculate ECTS to prove that his bachelor’s degree is equivalent to a Swedish bachelor. And, he is eligible to pursue a master’s degree in a Swedish university.
Benefits of ECTS credits conversion:
The beauty of the ECTS credit system is that it makes a degree valuable so it can be accepted around the world. Mostly students who want to study in Germany want to convert their educational performance in ECTS credits. So, they always ask about the benefits of ECTS credits. Here are the topmost benefits of ECTS credit conversion.
- You can study for one degree in one country and second in another country. Like a bachelor in UK and master in Germany.
- You make your academic records more transparent and simple.
- It combines all your educational efforts like lectures, homework, labs, and seminars, etc.
- Make your degree equivalent to the education system of other countries and reduce the distinction between international and local students.
- Help to find a job in Germany and other EU countries.
How to calculate ECTS credits?
You have to understand some basic points before the calculation of ECTS credit points. Some universities who already follow the ECTS credit system and mention calculated credit points on the final mark sheet. Then you don’t need to recalculate. Just use the same ECTS credit points where they needed to mention.
In case, your university didn’t mention ECTS credit points on your mark sheet then you can calculate. Here you have to keep two things in your mind.
If you just need total ECTS credit points to get admission to a Germany university. Then follow this general rule in which 60 ECTS credit points assigned to 1 year of studies.
|1 year of studies||60 ECTS credit points|
|4 years bachelor program||240 ECTS credit points|
|2 years master program||120 ECTS credit points|
For example, you did 4 years bachelor in your country and now want to take admission to TU Berlin and their admission requirement is 180 ECTS credit points. Then generally your 4 years degree will be equivalent to (4 x 60) 240 ECTS credit points.
Secondly, if the admission requirement of TU Berlin is split into different modules. Like for mathematics they required 60 ECTS and for economics, they required 10 ECTS credits points. Then you can calculate ECTS for each module as follows.
According to the ECTS credit system:
30 study hours = 1 ECTS credit point
Now use this formula to calculate exact ECTS credits points.
Lecture hours per week * No. of weeks per semester +
Self study hours per week * No. of weeks per semester = Grand total / 30 hrs
We can use an example for better understanding. Suppose George wants to calculate ECTS credit point for one subject called ‘Marketing’. According to his university rules a typical 3 credit hour course is delivered in 48 teaching hours including lectures, examinations, assignments, seminars, research projects and/or any other learning activity, 3 hours per week, spread over roughly 16 weeks in a regular semester. Plus he is also spending 3 hours per week as a self-study.
Now if we use this data in the above-mentioned formula then the result will look like this.
3 x 16 + 3 x 16 = 96 / 30 = 3.2 CP, approximately 3 ECTS credit points for Marketing subject.
You can calculate ECTS credit points for all the subjects of a module in a similar way and then make a sum. Like, if George studied 19 mathematical subjects in a four-year bachelor and each subject has 3.2 CP then total ECTS credit points will be (3.2 x 19 = 60.8 CP) approximately 60.
Which countries accept ECTS credits?
The following top countries are using and accepting the ECTS credit point system.
How to convert non-German grades into German grades?
We have a separate article on this topic. So please read that to convert your non-German grades into German grades. [Link]